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2d visualization:

Command: emegs2d


emegs2d is the most powerful tool in the emegs package. It consists of a data window and a control window, with several menus. Its functions are described in the following sections.


Menus

 

File:Open Data Set  Open Data Set button (top right of command buttons)

 

Default: If Default File format is not given the file will revert to EGIS average format.

 

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask

*.ave* if averaged EGIS file

*.gave* if grand averaged EGIS file

*.ses* or *.E* if EGIS session file

* if Ascii

* if Ascii with Header; Header: Number of Channels, Number of Points

*.at* if SCADS Format

*.avr* if Ascii Besa Format

*.raw* if MEG ascii file

 

 

Reads the given data matrix of file and displays it in Actual Data (highest left button).

 

Open Data Set 1 Opens first data set

Shortcut: Apple (Control on PC or Unix) plus h.

Open Data Set 2 Opens second data set

Shortcut: Apple (Control on PC or Unix) plus j.

Open Data Set 3 Opens third data set

Shortcut: Apple (Control on PC or Unix) plus k.

Open Data Set 4 Opens fourth data set

Shortcut: Apple (Control on PC or Unix) plus l.

 

Open Data Set i+/-j set (SCADS format only) Asks for first file name with extension (*.at(i)*) and opens maximum additional 3 files (*.at(i+/-j)*)) as long as they exist in the identical directory.

Shortcut: Apple (Control on PC or Unix) plus m.

 

Open Batch Set (SCADS format only) asks for a (*.at*) batch file containing full file names (including path) of maximum 4 (*.at*) existing SCADS files to.

Shortcut: Apple (Control on PC or Unix) plus ,.

  

Important

If using MEG data: Overlaying time courses of different data sets need identical sensor and head model configurations. Therefore data sets with set values higher than 1 (Data set 2; Data set 3 and Data set 4) use the sensor and head model configuration of Data set 1. If the user reads a new Data set 1 the program automatically searches for the new corresponding Sensor- and Center of Sphere configuration.

 

If a data file is opened without a given sensor configuration file the program searches for file

...:Emegs2d3d:Emegs2dUtil:SensorCfg:Number of Channels.ecfg Sensor configuration if SCADS Sensor configuration format.

 

or

with sensor configuration with the same name as the data file and in the same folder but with extension .pmg instead of .raw if the sensor format is MEG on sphere or MEG no sphere

 

See Open Sensor Set for other sensor configuration formats

 

If the sensor configuration file does not exist  Open Sensor File will be activated

 

The program will test whether the number of channels in the data file equals the number of channels in the sensor configuration.

If no an error message will be displayed -

This data file contains Nchan channels

The sensor configuration file contains Nchan channels

Please choose a different data file or a different sensor configuration.

 

 

File:Open Sensor Set

 

Default: If not nominated the default configuration is -

SCADS format                      if  EEG data

MEG no sphere format         if  MEG data

 

If the data file is already chosen program searches for the sensor configuration file with corresponding FileMask.

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask:

*.int2str(NChan).elp if Besa sensor configuration

*int2str(NChan).ecfg if Egis sensor configuration(Eugene electrode configuration is not yet given)

*int2str(NChan).ecfg if sensor configuration format is SCADS

* int2str(NChan).CartAscii if sensor configuration format is CartAscii

* int2str(NChan).SpherAscii if sensor configuration format is SpherAscii

* int2str(NChan).AxesAscii if sensor configuration format is AxesAscii

searches for the sensor configuration with the same name as the data file and in the same folder but with extension .pmg instead of .raw if the sensor configuration format is MEG on sphere or MEG no sphere. If this file does not exist a FileSearchWindow will be opened with the FileMask:

*.pmg

 

If no data file is chosen the command window displays options for nominating file with sensor configuration.  The FileMask for the type of data must be nominated in the Dateityp window.  e.g if SCADS format is used the sensor configuration may be nominated by searching for the file named ...:Emegs2d3d:Emegs2dUtil:SensorCfg... the options available for sensor configuration will be displayed.

Opens FileSearchWindow with FileMask:

* elp if sensor configuration format is Besa

* ecfg if sensor configuration format is SCADS

* CartAscii.ecfg if sensor configuration format is CartAscii

* SpherAscii.ecfg if sensor configuration format is SpherAscii

* AxesAscii.ecfg  if sensor configuration format is AxesAscii

*.pmg if the sensor format is MEG on sphere or MEG no sphere.

 

 

If the sensor locations are not positioned onto a sphere the user will be asked whether this is required.

If a sensor weighting file is available it has to be of the Header Ascii Matrix form.

These values are used to weight the sensor positions in the best sphere fit calculation.

If no weighting file is used all sensor positions are weighted with a value of 1.

CSD or Intracranial mapping of scalp potentials must be represented in the spherical form as calculations for these are limited to the spherical form.  However, it is possible to calculate Minimum Norm with this configuration.

This is especially of importance if the sensor configuration is of MEG type.

 

In case of MEG sensor configuration:

MEG on sphere - the sensor positions will automatically be projected onto a sphere. Now interpolated field maps, laplacians and intracranial field estimations are possible since these methods require spherical models.

The calculation  of Minimum Norm uses the original not projected sensor configuration.

 

MEG no sphere -  these methods are not available. However, the calculation  of Minimum Norm using this original not projected sensor configuration is more reliable than the projected one.

 

In the next step the program searches for the MEG center of spherical head model information with the same name as the data file and in the same folder but with extension .cot instead of .raw if the sensor configuration format is MEG on sphere or MEG no sphere.

If such a file does not exist is not possible to correct the MEG sensor positions. The center of sphere will be assumed to the origin [0 0 0].

 

 

 

File: Data Format

 

This command allows the type of data collected to be nominated and searches for the appropriate data under the following FileMasks.

 

If Data Format is AUTO FileMask is *.*. Data Set Format will be chosen automatically depending on the files extension.

 

NeuroScan Average

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *.avg* (ReadNeuroscanStruct.m)

 

NeuroScan Continous

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *.cnt* (ReadNeuroscanStruct.m)

Manual needs to be written

 

SCADS Wavelet Amplitude

 file (Result of SCADS WaveApp.m based on SCADS .app files, results of AvgApprox.m)

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *.awa*

 

SCADS Wavelet Phase

 file (Result of SCADS WaveApp.m based on SCADS .app files, results of AvgApprox.m)

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *.pwa*

 

EGIS Average file

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *.ave*

Now the ActualData button  (highest left button in MainWindow) becomes  the first cell and first subject and OpenData (Averaged file) menu (highest right button in MainWindow) will show all possible cells and subjects of this data file. Now the user can choose any of these cells and subjects for a given ActualData number or choose a new file using the New File choice  given in the OpenData (Averaged file) menu .

     Starts again File:Data format.

 

Egis Grand Average

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *.gave*

 

EGIS Session file

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *.E*

Now the ActualData  (highest left button in MainWindow) becomes  the first Cell and first subject and OpenData menu (highest right button in MainWindow) will show all possible cells and trials of this data file. Now the user can choose any of this cells and trials for a given ActualData file number or choose a new file using the New File choice  given in the OpenData menu .

=> Starts again: File:Data format

 

SCADS

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *.at*

 

Ascii Matrix

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *

Opens a special window named Import Ascii File Information.

This window shows the number of all read data points = NCount.

Number of sensors is set to default 129

Number of conditions  is set to default 1

The number of points per condition will be calculated. If this number is odd => Error message. The user has to change the number of sensors or conditions until (Number of sensors*Number of Channels*Number of Conditions)=NCount

The Conditions-Channels-Time menu defines the ordering of Condition, Channel and Points given in the file.

If Number of Channels*Number of Points.*Number of Conditions=NCount

the user is allowed to choose one of these data sets and this data will be set to the given ActualData number in the MainWindow (top left button)

 

Ascii Header Matrix File

In this case the first ascii value in the ascii file defines the number of channels and the second the number of points.

The following (Number of Channels*Number of Points) value becomes the new data matrix .

If Ncount (number of all read data points)  > (Number of Channels*Number of points) Error message

If Ncount (number of all read data points)  > (Number of Channels*Number of points)+2 Warning

 

Float32 Matrix

As with Ascii Matrix but Float32 binary data

 

Float32 HeaderMatrix

As with Ascii Header Matrix but Float32 binary data

 

Ascii Besa

Opens FileSearchWindow  with FileMask  *.avr*

 

MEG BTI Raw Ascii

Opens FileSearchWindow with FileMask  *.raw

 

(If any data file is imported without information about the sampling rate  (i.e. all imported matrices) the sampling rate value in the Emegs2d menu window will be set automatically to 1. Change this value to the correct  sampling rate if known by typing the value in the sampling rate edit text menu (Emegs2d menu figure)

 

 

File:Sensor Format

 

This command allows the sensor configuration to be selected.  The following types of sensor configuration are possibilities with this command.

 

Auto Axes

If no sensor location information is available or for a brief overview of the data choose this Sensor Format option.

The Emegs2d Data figure will automatically be divided in a number of rows and columns showing all time courses using these axes. The use of surface methods (Emegs3d) are not possible without information about the sensor locations.

 

MEG no sphere

.pmg ascii file from BTI

MEG on sphere

Opens  a .pmg ascii file and calculates the best fitting sphere for the sensor info. Given (if needed) and then projects sensor position onto this sphere.

BESA EEG

Number of sensors.elp filemask ascii file

 

EGIS

Not available at this stage

 

SCADS

No of channels. Ecfg binary file (SaveEcfg.m)

 

Cartesian Ascii

Header ascii file filemask cartascii.ecfg.  No. of channels initial no. and number of rows second no. (cartesian format uses 3 x,y,z)

 

Spherical Ascii

Sperascii.ecfg filemask.  Header ascii file 2 possibilities 1  3 values, theta polar angle, phi azimutal angle, radius(defaults to 1 if radius not given).  Sphere of best fit is calculated and sensor position projected onto this sphere if radius is given.

 

Axes Ascii

To define the sensor axes positions  directly choose: Axes Ascii

The View will be set automatically to Top.

x-position (left-right): Normalize axes positions between minimum and maximum of the first row of given ascii text file.

y-position (bottom-top): Normalize axes positions between minimum and maximum of the second row of given ascii text file.

Example: 129AxesAscii. sensor configuration.

The use of surface methods (Emegs3d) are not possible without information about the sensor locations.

 

10/20 System

To choose electrode positions of the international 10/20 System select this menu.

 

10/10 System

To choose electrode positions of the international 10/20 System select this menu.

 

An extra window will be opened and the command given to select the order of channels in the data based on an assumed spherical head and standard 10/20 system placement (Terrence Lagerlund et  al. 1992) or Besa standard 10/10 system respectively.

 

The channel order has to coincide with the order in the data file, do not choose channels randomly.

After ordering the channels correctly select Apply. The electrode file will be saved in SCADS binary, cartesian ascii and spherical ascii format (first filename needs to be nominated)

To change special positions that are not standard 10/20 or 10/10 positions edit the ascii files using an editor eg. word.

Use the Default file name NChan.ecfg for SCADS format to use this as default.

 

For further details on sensor file formats

See File:Open Sensor File

 

 

File: Default File: Auto

Automatically sets nominated default values for individual files

If this feature is highlighted the program searches for a file with the name DataFolderName.udef when a file is first opened. While DataFolderName is the name of the actual data file containing folder. If such a file does not exist the user is asked to open a file with the FileMask *.udef containing the wished View Default informations; Press escape if you dont want to use any view default file.

 

 

File: Default File: Open

Opens the FileSearchWindow  with FileMask *.udef

Loads all given default information

See File: Default File: Save

 

 

File: Default File: Save

Stores all set values of

channels, time , amplitudes  and style information

in a file which has the FileMask *.udef

opened with the auto function when data next used with filemask.udef

 

File: Default File: Info

Shows the name of the View default file which is in use.

 

 

Style : Axes Width

Choose relative width of single sensor axes

 

Style : Axes Height

Choose relative height of single sensor axes

 

Style : Sensor line color

Using this feature its possible to display different sensors or sensor groups with different colors.

Flip Color Map flips the colormap if Line Color is a colormap e.g. hsv, hot, cool.

 

The colors are chosen based on the color map given in the Emegs2d main menu windowLine Color  (hsv, hot, cool etc.) .

The values used are:

Use default vector => channel number 

Use number of trials vector =>  number of averaged trials

Use Std vector => the mean standard deviation (if given)

Use Channel Groups => channel groups (if given) colormap set automatically jet and Line-Width automatically 3 Act in order to visualize channel groups

 

Use LineColor File

The assigned numerical values for different channels corresponding to colors on the color map could be imported using an ascii file in matrix format from the LineColor file (follow path ..Emegs2dUtil: LineColor: options displayed [e.g 12Groups, VisualStdLineColor format]).

This option could be used to assign colors to groups of sensors or to highlight areas of particular interest.

 

Style : Text

The plot labels and additional information to be displayed may be chosen with this option.

To change more than one label choose the menu again and set the desired option.

(If Standard Deviation values are not given they will be set to 1).

(The color of Cursor Amplitudes is identical to the Actual File color).

 

Style : Zeroline

Display on/off and style (color and line style) of zeroline displayed

 

Style : Triggerline

 As above for Triggerline

 

Style : Cursorline

As above for Cursorline

 

Style : X-tick

Time intervals displayed on x-axis.

 

Style : Background Color

Choice of white or black.

 

 

 

 

Export: DataFile

This function allows the Actual Data Set to be exported in a variety of formats

E.g       Export: DataFile: SCADS format

Export: DataFile :SCADS format (for 10/20 format data)

Export: DataFile :Ascii Header Matrix

Export: DataFile :Ascii Besa

Export: Datafile :Egis (not currently available)

 

 

Export: SensorFile

Function allows the exportation of the sensor configuration  in different formats:

E.g       Export: MEG BTI format

Export: SensorFile :Besa (not currently available)

Export: SensorFile: Egis (not currently available)

Export: SensorFile :SCADS format

Export: SensorFile :Cart. Ascii format

Export: SensorFile :Spher Ascii format

 

 

Export: GP / RMS

 

To export GP / RMS values these values have first to be calculated using GP/RMS button in the MainWindowMenu

 

Export: GP / RMS :All Points

The calculated values will be exported to an ascii file. File name has to be given by user.

 

Export: GP / RMS :Cursor Points

GP/RMS Cursor exports only the cursor indicated on the x axis values to an ascii file.

 

Export: Userdata

Exports the least calculated values to either an ascii or a besa file.

 

Export: Userdata Info

States the nature of Userdata.

 


Calculate :Global Dissimilarity

  Actual data set or Dataset 1 & 2 calculates the global dissimilarity (Lehmann et al., 1987) for susequent time points (actual dataset) or for corresponding time points (Dataset 1 &2) and plots them in a separate figure. It is calculated by normalizing the signal on all channels by the square root of it's global power (it's Root Mean Square) and then averaging the squared differences between corresponding channels of subsequent points (Actual data set) or two loaded data sets (Dataset 1&2). It ranges between 0 (maximal homogenity) to 2 (maximal dissimilarity), and describes topographical properties independent of absolute amplitudes.


Calculate :Minimum Cluster Size
Applies a spatio-temporal correction, that can be used as an alternative of alpha-correction for multiple testing. It operates on a dataset containing p-values and sets all points to zero (non-significant), that do not have a user entered number of significant channel neighbour points and do not have a user entered number of preceding or following significant time points. The definition of what is considered a  channel neigbour is determined by a maximum spherical distance in degrees, that can lie between two sensors. Thus a larger maximum distance will result in less conservative correction. Maximum spherical distance, minimum number of channel neighbours and minimum number of points in a row must be entered before running the corrrection by calling the menu item \Calculate\Min.Cluster Size\Set Size.


Calculate :Gradients

All data sets or actual data set calculates the temporal gradient (gradient.m; difference from point to point) for all or just for the actual (given in actual data set menu) data set.

 

Calculate :Dipole Density (in progress; manual needs to be written)

 

Calculate :t-test (just SCADS format; under construction)

Asks for a batch file matrix containing average SCADS files (*.at*).

Paired: tests pairs of files (1 vs. 2; 3 vs .4, etc.)

Symmetry: tests for anterior-posterior or left-right asymmetry.

Absolute takes the absolute value (just positive; abs(data)) of the original data (positive and negative)

 

Calculate :Extreme Values

Calculates for each sensor absolute, relative or absolute of relative minimum, maximum or both in the chosen time/frequency/etc. interval.

 

Calculate :Absolute: The absolute maximum, minimum within the given interval. Absolute extreme values may be interval borders.

 

Calculate :Relative: All relative maxima, minima within a chosen interval. This calculation checks for a zero gradient. Thus, an interval border can not be a relative extreme value.

 

Calculate :Absolute of Relative: The absolute maximum, minimum across all relative maxima, minima.

 

Open identical files in actual file slot 1 and 2 and use one of the features for actual files as an example.

 

Using features of absolute extreme values the user may export extreme values and extreme indices (points) using the Export User Data function. Please acknowledge that indices are given in points (~time, ~frequency ...) starting with the minimum interval point.

In case of maximum or minimum the first row writes extreme values, the second extreme indices for all sensors. In case of both four rows are exported. The first two rows are reserved for the maximum the third and fourth are used by the minimum values and indices.

Use Export Data File function in order to export relative extreme values and indices.

 

Calculate : Wavelet (calls WaveApp.m)

Manual needs to be written

 

Calculate : X-Correlation

Manual needs to be written

 

Calculate :ProMax

Manual needs to be written

 

Calculate :VariMax

Manual needs to be written

 

Calculate : ICA

Manual needs to be written

 

Calculate :PCA

All data sets or actual data set calculates PCA for all or just for the actual (given in actual data set menu) data set.

 

  Original data set calculates PCA based on the original loaded data set (independent of the currently visible data set)

Actual data set calculates PCA based on the currently visible data (and therefore based on the currently given time, frequency or PCA component interval)

 

Data matrix calculates PCA based on the given data matrix

Covariance matrix calculates PCA based on covariance matrix of the given data matrix

Correlation matrix calculates PCA based on correlation matrix of the given data matrix

 

(with choose of Domain: PCA (domain menu) the PCA of all original data sets will be calculated)

 

The PCA uses the Matlab program SVD:

[U,S,V] = SVD(X) produces a diagonal matrix S, of the same dimension as X and with nonnegative diagonal elements in decreasing order, and unitary matrices U and V so that X = U*S*V'.

The program calculates the variance vector (v) in the following form:

v = (diag(S)).^2/sum(diag(S).^2)

 

An additional figure widow will be opened. The left subplot shows the whole variance vector. The right one just the elements which are bigger than 0.01 (if all elements are bigger than 0.01 just one plot will be shown). Color and style of lines corresponds to the defined ones in the Emegs2d main menu.

 

A second additional figure window will be opened displaying just the time courses (row vectors) of the matrix V which corresponding elements of the variance vector are bigger than 0.01. Color and style of lines corresponds to the defined ones in the Emegs2d main menu.

 

If the given matrix X is of data matrix form (not of covariance or correlation matrix form) the matrix U will be shown in the Emegs2d Data Figure changing the given domain to PCA. Color and style of lines corresponds to the defined ones in the Emegs2d main menu. The minimum point will be set to its first component (the first row elements (channels)) In the same way trigger and cursor point will also be set to the first component. Since the number of rows of matrix U is equal the number of channels and the number of columns corresponds to the maximum number of PCA components (minimum of number of channels and given number of points (depending on the number of chosen points of visible interval (not the length of the interval in ms or Hz))) all data points corresponding to not existing components (components higher than the maximum number of PCA components) are set to zero (in future versions it will not be possible to choose such components).

The program calculates the significance levels (95% and 99%) for the matrix U based on the maximum number of PCA components and signs all channels which values of the given cursor component are higher (significant) than theses levels (95%=>* and 99%=>**). The color of the stars corresponds to the defined colors in the Emegs2d main menu.

 

 

Calculate :Polyfit

The Polyfit function finds the coefficients of a polynomial p(x) of the given degree n and fits the data p(x(i)) to y(I) in a least square sense. The result p is a row vector of length n+1 containing the polynomial coefficients in descending powers.

[i.e p(x)=p1x^n+ p2x^(n-1)+ p3x^(n-2)++pn+1];

The polyfit will be calculated using just the visible time interval (in the Emegs2d Data figure) (not all time points). The whole data set must be made visible to use all values.

It is possible to export  the polyfit data matrix or the vector of the calculated polynomial coefficients  of each sensor using the Export UserData option (see Export; UserData).

At least the difference of the given data set and its polyfit will be plotted.

In this way it is possible to correct  drift artifacts using a degree of 1 (detrending).

Warning: Detrending should only be used on the base of the baseline interval.  Care must be taken using the whole epoch because the detrending could at least be based on real signal with a least square deviation different from zero. (e.g in the case of a large P300)

 

 

 

Calculate :Channel Groups

Open group file: Load a group matrix file with FileMask .Ascii (matrix file format) with first line the number of group and second line the sensor number. (See file 12Groups in Emegs2dUtil:Groups as an example).

 

Mean:                Calculates the mean over given groups of the given time interval.

               Use Export:User data  to export this calculated data to file.

 

Sum:                  Calculates the sum over given groups of the given time interval.

               Use Export:User data  to export this calculated data to file.

 

 

Calculate :Egis session file:View Egis data

 

Calculate :Egis session file:Edit Egis data

if data format is an Egis session file this feature is enabled.

To scroll through the data trial- or view epochs use:View Egis data.

An extra window will be opened containing the following buttons:

 

Given:              Shows the given Edit Status

red if bad

green if good

blue if questionable

white if not edited

Default:

(for future use; if an external edit vector is given)

 

>:                       Scrolls to the next

good trial (if the Next Good radio button is enabled)

bad trial (if the Next Bad radio button is enabled)

questionable trial (if the Next ??? radio button is enabled)

 

<:                       Scrolls to the last

good trial (if the Next Good radio button is enabled)

bad trial (if the Next Bad radio button is enabled)

questionable trial (if the Next ??? radio button is enabled)

 

>>:                     Scrolls to the first

good trial (if the Next Good radio button is enabled)

bad trial (if the Next Bad radio button is enabled)

questionable trial (if the Next ??? radio button is enabled)

of the next cell.

 

<<:                     Scrolls to the first

good trial (if the Next Good radio button is enabled)

bad trial (if the Next Bad radio button is enabled)

questionable trial (if the Next ??? radio button is enabled)

of the last cell.

 

To edit the data by trial groups manually use:Edit Egis data

Buttons:

As with the View Egis data option with the additional buttons:

Good Trial        sets the Edit value of this trial good

Bad Trial           sets the Edit value of this trial bad

??? Trial           sets the Edit value of this trial questionable

 

if the Auto Next radio button is enabled the

next trial (if the Next Good or the Next Bad or Next ???  radio button is not enabled)

next good trial (if the Next Good radio button is enabled)

next bad trial (if the Next Bad radio button is enabled)

next questionable trial (if the Next ??? radio button is enabled)

will be shown following the actual trial edition.

 

 

Calculate :Your Own: Actual Data Set

Opens the file ...Emegs2d3d:Emegs2dUtil: CalcUserFile.m

and does the given calculations just for the given actual file (cell)

If this calculation is not possible =>Error message

 

Calculate :Your Own: All Data Sets

Opens the file ... Emegs2d3d:Emegs2dUtil: CalcUserFile.m

and does the given calculations  for  all given files (cell)

If this calculation is not possible =>Error message

 

Reset Calculate: Your Own: Reset Actual Files

Sets Actual data back to the Actual  data which was given before the calculation carried out.

 

Calculate :Your Own: Reset All Files

Sets All data back to original status.

 

Calculate :Average:(Data set 1, Data set 2) => 3

Calculates the average of data set 1 and data set 2 and sets the result to actual file number 3.

Calculate :Average:(Data set 1, Data set 2) => 4

Calculates the average of data set 1 and data set 2 and sets the result to actual file number 4.

 

Calculate :Average: Use Standard Weight Matrix: (Data set 1, Data set 2) => 3

Calculates the average of data set 1 and data set 2 weighting each of the data points by using the given standard values and sets the result to actual file number 3.If no standard values are given all standard values are set to 1 and consequently  the weighting is meaningless.

 

Calculate :Average: Use Standard Weight Matrix: (Data set 1, Data set 2) => 4

Calculates the average of data set 1 and data set 2 weighting each of the data points by using the given standard values and sets the result to actual file number 4.If no standard values are given all standard values are set to 1 and consequently  the weighting is meaningless.

 

Calculate :Difference:Data Set 1- Data set 2 => Data set 3

Calculates the difference between Data Set 1 and Data Set 2 (Data set 1  Data set 2) and sets the result to actual file number 3.

 

Calculate :Difference:Data Set 1- Data set 2 => Data set 4

Calculates the difference between Data Set 1 and Data Set 2 (Data set 1  Data set 2) and sets the result to actual file number 4

 

Calculate :Difference:Data Set 2- Data set 1 => Data set 3

Calculates the difference between Data Set 2 and Data Set 1 (Data set 2  Data set 1) and sets the result to actual file number 3.

 

Calculate :Difference:Data Set 2- Data set 1 => Data set 4

Calculates the difference between Data Set 2 and Data Set 1 (Data set 2  Data set 1) and sets the result to actual file number 4.

 

Calculate :Absolute

 

Calculate :Absolute: Actual Data Sets

Calculates the absolute values of the actual file

 

Calculate :Absolute: All Data Sets

Calculates the absolute values of all files

 

Calculate :Filter

If a data set is available it is possible to

 

Calculate :Filter: Set filter file

set filter for high and/or lowpass filtering

 

Calculate :Filter: Save filter file

save filter coefficients in the file with filemask* int2str(NChan).hf for highpass or *int2str(NChan).lf for lowpass coefficients

 

Calculate :Filter: Open filter file

open filter coefficients in  file with filemask *int2str(NChan).hf for highpass or *int2str(NChan).lf for lowpass coefficients

 

Calculate :Filter: All files or Actual file.

filter the all or jsut the actual data set using the set or read filter coefficients

 

Calculate: Invert

 

Calculate :Invert : All Data Sets

Invert (Multiplication by -1) the values of All Data Sets

 

Calculate :Invert: Actual Data Set

Invert the values in the Actual Data Set

 

Calculate :Normalize

Normalizes  Actual Data Sets or All Data Sets in different ways:

Between -1 and +1

Between  0 and +1

With std=1 and mean=0 (z-transformation)

or sets values

Absolute maximum of each data set to 1

Median across all absolute values of each data set to 1

Mean across all absolute values of each data set to 1

 

Calculate :Potential

Calculates integral or mean for each channel and each  file and shows the results in the command window.

The Integral is given in V x ms. ( the sum of all amplitudes in the chosen time interval multiplied by the sampling time (1000/SamplingRate) )

The Mean is given in V ( the sum of all amplitudes in the chosen time interval divided by the number of time points in this interval)

Transfer this data into text or statistics programs by:

1. Using Export:User data and exporting these values to a text file.

2. Copy the values directly from the command window and paste it into a text or statistics program.

 

Calculate: Potential: Integral or Mean: Interactive

It is possible to choose one or more time intervals  interactively  in the command window

or by using a given file

 

Calculate :Potential:Integral or Mean:File

In  this case the given time intervals in the file ...: Emegs2d3d:Emegs2dUtil: Intervals:IntegralInterval.txt will be used.

 

Calculate :Potential:Integral or Mean:Default

uses the last given intervals

Important:

The time values have to be given in time points counting from the begining of data set and not in ms counting from trigger. The intervalls  may be different from the intervall which is given in the main window.

 

Calculate : Rereference

Rereference all files (or Cells) (using All files) or just the working file (using Actual file) using a different reference channel.  The program shows the time course of the new reference in an extra window.

If the user chooses Special, a new window will be opened in which the new reference channel or channels can be chosen. If the user chooses more than one channel the average of these two channels are used. (Linked ears uses the average of both mastoids)

 

Calculate: Sampling

If enable is on a change of the Sampling rate value in the main edit window results in a calculation of the given data sets on the base of the new sampling rate using interp1.m.

If enable is off a change of the Sampling rate value in the main edit window does not down- or upsample the data. Just the timing will be changed. 

(If any data file is imported without any information about the sampling rate, this value will be set automatically to 1000. Change this value to the correct sampling rate if known.)

=> If the user samples first down and then up using the same factor the result will not be identical to that before the sampling as information is lost with down sampling.

The other way round the result should be the same as before

 

Calculate : GP/RMS

see Calculate :Potential

The only difference is that GP or RMS values are used.

Important: The user has to calculate GP/RMS first.

 

Calculate: Symmetry

Compute a measure of symmetry for every column of a given data matrix, when a list of

pairs of channels is provided.

Depending on "NormFlag", this measure is either the sum of differences of absolute values at corresponding sensors divided by norm of the data vector ('Abs.'), or the sum of differences of the values at the corresponding sensors, divided by the norm of the data vector ('Sign.'), or the sum of differences of the values at the corresponding sensors, each divided by the sum of the absolute values at the corresponding sensors ('Lat' => Lateralization Index) or the same as Lat but after a z-normalization  of the data matrix (Norm. Lat.) or the same as (Norm. Lat.) but the sum of the absolute differences of the values at the corresponding sensors which always results in a positive symmetry index.

Program: CalcSymmetry.m

 

The resulting symmetry courses as the used pairs will be plotted in an extra window.

To export the symmetry data use Export: User Data

 

Get Pairs:         The user has to open an ascii file with given pairs of the chosen sensors configuration. Look at Emegs2dUtil: SymmetryPairs :129LateralSymPairs as an example of 59 given pairs of the default 129 channel configuration to calculate  a kind of lateralization  between left and right hemispheres.

Set Pairs:         If the pairs are not given the user could  prepare the pairs in any text file (please use the upper example) or choose a number of pairs interactively from a special sensor configuration window . If the user does the Set Pairs menu he/she is asked for a file name in which the pairs will be stored.

 

Calculate: Grand Mean

Calculates the grand mean over all files the user has to choose and set it to the Actual file.

The user has to choose one file first to set the plot variables. If the plot of this file is completed the user will be asked for the second file. Choose this and continue with all files you want to add to the grand average. If you have chosen the last file stop adding with Cancel.

At this stage calculation of Grand Average is only available

with

AsciiBesaVec

AsciiHeaderVec

or SCADS file format.

 

Calculate: Rotate Sensor Config.

If a sensor configuration is already set(using File:Open Sensor File) it is possible to rotate the configuration around the x,y or z axis. To do this input the the required values in degree and press Apply. The rotation follows the right hand rule: Put the thumb of your right hand in the direction of the axis. (x=> from center to right ear, y=>from center to nose, z=>from center to vertex). The direction of the rotation corresponds to the curvature of the fingers of this hand.

Example: A z-rotation of -90 degrees rotates a nasion sensor towards the right ear. A positive rotation value leads to a counterclockwise rotation. (To save this electrode configuration and use  it in the following processing press save. The new rotated configuration will be saved in SCADS format using the filemask Rot Nchan.sensor configuration. If you want to save it in a different sensor file format also please use Export:Sensor File. Important: As long as you have not pressed SaveEmegs2d will not use the new rotated configuration.

 

Calculate: Reset

Sets all data back to the data, which was given before the calculation has been done. Reset files to previous ones

 

View:Negativ:Up or Down

Defines the view in the main window. .

 

        UIControls

 

Surfaces:

Several shortcuts for Surface calculations (see below)

 

 

Actual File:

 Sets the chosen file to actual.

 

Visible:

Off sets all data sets of chosen sensor invisible.  Press once more to make them visible. Invisible sensors will be extracted of all further analysis (Global Power, Surfaces, Stats etc.)

 

Visible Act:

Off sets only actual set chosen sensor invisible.  Press once more to make them visible.

Invisible sensors will be extracted of all further analysis (Global Power, Surfaces, Stats etc.)

 

LineColor:

Choice of Color of the actual file; if a color map is used please look for Style:Sensor line color in the top menu in this manual

Default for LineColor: 1 red, 2 blue, 3 black and 4 green

 

LineStyle:

Choice  of Linestyle  of the actual file

Default  for LineStyle is solid.

 

 

LineWidth:

Choice of LineWidth  of the actual data set (Act) or all data sets (All)

Settings will be used by Global Power Plot, Butterfly Plot and Zoom Sensor Plot

 

 

Visible Set:

Off sets all sensors of the actual data set invisible. Press once more to make them visible.

 

Clear Set:

Clears the actual data set (cell)  (does not delete not the original file but only the imported data matrix).

 

Zoom Sensor:

Mouse (is only possible  in Matlab4 because of a bug in ginput.m using Matlab5)

After choice of Zoom channel use the mouse to zoom special channels. This channel will be shown in an extra window.

Channel Name: Choose the channel you want to zoom. This channel will be shown in an extra window.

 

Surfaces:

Launches the Emegs3d (Emegs3d.m) part of the program containing the features:

Scalp potential/magnetic field interpolation

Laplacian of scalp potential/magnetic field interpolation

Intracranial scalp potential/magnetic field estimation

L2-Minimum-Norm estimations

Export of batch file calculation. (Sensors, Regions, Dipole Indices, time points or time intervals of interest. This Manual is under construction.

 

EEG/MEG Status:

Changes EEG/MEG Status to either EEG or MEG

 

View:

Top: View from top at elctrodes which  Z-value is bigger than 0 (nose to top).

Left: View from left (nose to left) at electrodes which  X-value is smaller than 0.

Right: View from right (nose to right) at electrodes which  X-value is bigger than 0.

Front: View from front (right ear to left) at electrodes which  Y-value is bigger than 0.

Back: View from back (right ear to right) at electrodes which  Y-value is smaller  than 0.

Norm (default): All electrodes are visible.

 

It is possible to set the positions of the time axes directly:

Choose To View in View menu

Choose the menu: File:Electrode File Format:Cart. Ascii (set the electrode format  to ascii)

Choose the menu: File:Open Electrode File

and choose the file  ...:Emegs2d3d:Emegs2dUtil:Box129CartAscii.ecfg

 

Look at this file (Box129CartAscii.ecfg ) to understand the format:

First column : x-axes runs from 1 to 10

Second column: y-axes runs from -1 to -14 (because  the channel with biggest  y-value  is set to top)

The third column does not matter (but has to be set to a value) because the view is set to Top.

In this way every user is able to create his own axis positions.

 

 

Domain:

 

Time (default): Shows data in time domain

Std: Shows the given data of standard deviation (if this info is not given all std values should be zero)

Power FFT: Shows power spectra of data in frequency domain

Amp. FFT: Shows amplitudes of spectra in frequency domain (sqrt(real^2+imag^2))

Phase FFT: Shows phase of spectra in frequency domain (arctan(real/imag))

PCA: Manual needs to be written

Wavelet Ampitude: Manual needs to be written

Wavelet Phase: Manual needs to be written

 

 

Min. Amp; Max. Amp:

Defines the visible interval of amplitudes

 

Adjust:

Adjusts visible interval of amplitudes to minimum and maximum values across all visible data.

 

Center:

Centers the visible interval of amplitudes

 

+/- 1:

Shows and changes the fast amplitude change value:

 

+ :

 Increases the given maximum with the given fast amplitude change value

 

- :

Decreases the given minimum with the given fast amplitude change value

 

+/- :

 Both

 

View:

Inverts the view: Negative Up or Negative Down.

 

<:

Decrease visible minimum or/and maximum (depending on +/-1)

 

>:

Increase visible maximum or/and minimum (depending on +/-1)

 

<<:

Decrease amplitude change value using a factor of 10

 

>>:

Increase amplitude change value using a factor of 10

 

Min. Time; Max. Time:

Defines the visible interval in time. Choose the time interval in ms from the given trigger point. Example: Data matrix with 500 points in time and a sampling rate of 250: The trigger occurs at the 100th point  counting from the beginning of file.

If the user would set Min. Time to zero, the first visible point of time is the trigger point.  If the user would set Min. Time to -100, the first visible point of time is the 75th point of the data matrix. The time  in ms are rounded to the next possible data point. In this example 1 or 1.9 would be rounded to zero, 2 and 3.1 would be rounded to 4 ms.

 

TriggerPoint:

Defines the trigger time. This point has to be given in absolute number of points counting from the beginning of the file. (not in ms)

 

Cursor Time:

Defines the cursor time. This time has to be given in ms from the trigger time. (compare with Min. Max Time)

 

Min. Baseline, Max. Baseline:

Defines the interval used for baseline correction. This time has to be given in ms from the trigger time. (compare with Min. Max Time)

If Min. or Max. Baseline are set: This does not mean that the baseline correction is done.

 

Calc. Baseline radio button:

Switch the radio button of baseline correction on to do the calculation. Switch the radio button off to get the original uncorrected data

 

Total Interval (shortcut):

 Calculates baseline across whole time interval

 

Sampling Rate:

look at: Calculate:Sampling

 

Number of points:

Shows the number of points of the actual data set.

This could change if using down- or up- sampling in the Calculate:Sampling top menu

 

GP/RMS:

Calculates Global Power of visible files (cells) and plots them in an extra window

 

or Root Mean Square

 

 

M is the number of sensors

is the electrical  potential  or magnetic field of the sensor j at the point of time t.

 

Use the lowest menu button in this window to switch between RMS or GP.

The line style is identical with the line style in the main window.

The trigger time point is identical with the trigger time point  in the main window.

The baseline correction t is identical with the main window baseline correction.

 

The user could use Std weight to use the Std data to weight the channels  while calculating  the Global Power

or the Root Mean Square

.

If no Std data is available they are all set to 1. Consequently a weighting does not alter the data.

 

 

Butterfly:

Plots all visible channels of the main window in one extra window. Invisible time courses in the main window are also invisible in this extra window.

Linestyle, time intervals, baseline correction amplitudes etc. are identical with the given data in the main window.

 

Surf Matrix:

Surfs the Main Window  channels  in an extra Surf Data Matrix Window. Each Cell (File) will be surfed in a special subplot

 

Info:

Gives information about linestyle and names of all files (and/or number of cells).

 

 

Clear All:

Clears all given data.

 

 

Close All:

Closes all open Matlab windows except Command window.

Attention!! Closes also windows of different Matlab programs e.g. SPM

 

 

XCorrChan:

For your own purpose. Editing in Emegs2d

 

MedVec (SCADS only) :

Plots information about single trial medians calculated in AvgApprox.m